Criminal Law Exam

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It is the security required by a court and given for the provisional or temporary release of a person who is in the custody of the law conditioned upon his appearance before any court as required under the conditions specified.

A condition of enforced, compulsory service of one to another.

According to this criminal justice model, the rights of an individual must be co-equal with the concern for public safety.

By employing force or intimidation, without a public uprising, for the attainment of the purposes enumerated in defining the crimes of rebellion or sedition.

When evidence is presented in court for admissibility considered relevant to the issue?

A tax of a fixed amount imposed on individuals residing within a specified territory, whether citizens or not, without regard to their property or the occupation in which they may be engaged.

If a person possessed items, goods or anything of value and was derived from robbery of or thievery. It is an indication of________ of ________.

A branch of government with a task of implementing the laws.

The substance of the crime and in its primary sense, refers to the fact that a crime has been actually committed.

Those criminal laws are applied not only in the Philippine Islands but including its property located abroad and against the interest of the Philippine Republic including its flagship.

It is defined as the supreme, inherent, and inalienable rights to life, to dignity, and to self-development.

If the material or paper is offered only to proved its existence, it is;

A detained prisoner is allowed to eat and drink in a nearby restaurant on several occasions, however is at all times duty guarded. Assuring that it was done with the warden’s permission, the warden may be charged with what particular offense?

This criminal justice model is based on the idea that the most important function of the CJS is the protection of the public and the repression of criminal conduct.

He cannot commit qualified seduction.

When a person is charged with an offense and the case is terminated either by acquittal or conviction or in any other manner without the express consent of the accused, the latter cannot again be charged with the same or identical offense is called ___________.

Those who are not included as principal either by direct, inducement, or indispensible cooperation, cooperate in the execution of the crime by previous or simultaneous means.

This concerns to the obligations of the community to individuals, and requires fair disbursement of common advantages and sharing of common burden.

The quality of evidence necessary for a court to affirm a decision of an administrative body. It is more popularly known as substantial evidence.

Which of the following is not included in the components of Criminal justice System of the United States?

The motion for leave of court to file demurer to evidence shall be filed within___ days.

The basis of criminal liability is free will and the purpose of penalty is retribution:

What is that branch of public law which defines crimes, treats of their nature and provides for the punishment?

PO1 Alisto, who without legal grounds detains Ms. Halina for being ugly is liable for:

It is a milestone document in the history of human rights.

The witness states that he did not see or know the occurrence of a fact.

It means not only observed acts of crime but the results of a crime, which triggers the operation of the criminal justice process.

The cognizance of certain facts which judges may properly take and act without proof because they already know them.

When a policeman tolerates the commission of a crime or otherwise refrains from apprehending the offender, such peace officer can be prosecuted as

In 1989, Julio was convicted of theft, At present, he is being held for trial for the crime of robbery. There is an aggravating circumstance of:

The major function of the PROSECUTION component of the Criminal Justice System.

What is the effectivity date of the Revised Penal Code?

It is committed by a person, who being under oath are required to testify as to the truth of a certain matter at a hearing before a competent authority, shall deny the truth or say something contrary to it.

Acts which are wrong or evil by their very nature:

When the offender purposely wore something to conceal his identity in the execution of the crime, a was employed:

When a public officer detains a person without legal grounds.

The machinery of the State designed to enforce the law by arresting, prosecuting and adjudicating those accused of violating it and by applying the proper sanctions to those found guilty.

A person who executes a false affidavit may be held liable for:

What crime is committed against mankind, and whose jurisdiction consequently recognizes no territorial limits?

These are offers of compromise which are not admissible in evidence against the accused who made the plea or offer, EXCEPT

The aspects of Religious Freedom

A person who had just alleged to commit a crime.

Judgments of conviction becomes final:

Republic Act No. 9745, otherwise known as the _____________

What year does The Human Rights Council, established?

It is a declaration and enumeration of a person s rights and privileges which the Constitution is designated to protect against violation by the government, or by individual or groups of individuals.

The declaration made by a person deceased. Or unable to testify, against the interest of the declarant……

That substitutionary evidence which becomes admissible, when the best evidence or original document is lost, or destroyed, or cannot be produced in court, or is in the custody of the adverse party

The declaration of an accused acknowledging his guilt of the offense charged, or of any offense necessarily included therein, may be given in evidence against him.

The degree of proof required to convict a person accused of treason.

A crime is aggravated when it is committed with the aid of persons under years of age:

A person arrested for the commission of an offense punishable by afflictive penalties must be delivered to the proper judicial authority within how many hours?

Criminal laws are strictly construed against the state and liberally in favor of the…

When all the elements necessary for its execution and accomplishment are present.

W, is less than three days old, he is a child of X by his paramour Y. W is killed by X to. prevent his discovery by X’s legitimate wife, Z. X is liable for

When may an insane person be NOT exempted from criminal liability?

There is____ entry when the offender breaks doors, windows or walls to gain entrance:

That which proves the disputed fact which does not resort to competent evidence inferences or presumptions.

It requires the concurrence of two things, that there being an individual an actual assembly of men and for such purpose of executing a treasonable design by force.

The police was informed of the presence of a marijuana plantation. The following day, the police, together with the informer, went to the location. When they arrived at the place, they saw the marijuana plants as was informed. Are the marijuana plants admissible in evidence?

When may evidence on collateral matters be allowed? When

When is evidence relevant? When

When an accused is discharged as a state witness, this is equivalent to

Jose threatened to kill Pedro, if the latter will not give him 2,000 p├ęsos. What crime has been committed by Jose?

When an information is filed, the Regional Trial Court

A right which the law will enforce at the instance of private individuals for the purpose of securing to them the enjoyment of their means of happiness.

The supreme law of the Land.

Enrico threw the corpse of Jose who was killed by his friend Freddie. And because of that it took time for the authorities to discover the crime. What was the participation of Enrico in the crime?

It is committed by any person who, on the high seas shall attack or seize a vessel or, not being a member of its complement nor a passenger, shall seize whole or part of the cargo of said vessel, its equipment or personal belongings of its compliment or passengers;

Kinds of aggravating circumstances which change the nature of an offense;

Exemption to violation of parliamentary immunity, when a member of congress while in regular session:

What kind of evidence is given by a witness which states that he did not saw/know whether a crime was committed?

There is____when the method of assault adopted by the aggressor was deliberately chosen with a special view to the accomplishment of the act without risk to the assailant for any defense that the party assailed might have made:

These are circumstances which must be taken into consideration as either aggravating or mitigating according to the nature & effects of the crime & the other conditions attending its commission:

A characteristic of criminal law which means that criminal law is binding on all persons who live in the Philippine territory:

It is the unauthorized act of a public officer who compels a person to change his residence.

A rights which enable us to participate in running the affairs of the government either directly or indirectly.

A rights that ensure the well-being of the individual and foster the preservation, enrichment, and dynamic evolution of national culture based on the principle of unity and diversity in a climate of free artistic and intellectual expression.

Afflictive penalties prescribed in…

When is evidence considered on collateral matters? When

Act No. 3815 is otherwise known as

When a public officers performs in his public office an act prohibited by law.

A law enforcement function in order to preserve social and public order.

Those felonies which the law attaches the capital punishment which in any of their periods are afflictive.

When may evidence on collateral matters be allowed?

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its First Optional Protocol entered into force in what year?

This prove the fact in issue without aid or inference:

The means, sanctioned by these rules, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding truth respecting a matter of fact

The evidentiary fact (the evidence)

This is an examination of a man’s house or other buildings or premises, of his person, with a view to the discovery of contraband or illicit or stolen property or some evidence of guilt to be used in the prosecution of a criminal action or some offense with which he is charged.

That criminal law is applied to all citizens of the republic irrespective of their religions, belief,, sex and races. This sentence pertains to…

The husband or the wife, during or after the marriage cannot be examined without the consent of the other as to any communication received in confidence by one from the other during the marriage except in a civil case by one against the other, or in a criminal case for a crime committed by one against the other or the latter’s direct descendants or ascendants,

The ultimate fact to be established.

The written confession of the accused, affidavits of witness who have seen or having knowledge in the commission of the killing:

The oldest codified law ever recorded and that was the basis not only in the development of law, but of the law enforcement.

All illegal searches and seizures are unreasonable while lawful ones are reasonable.

A characteristic of criminal law that states that criminal law cannot make an act punishable when it was not punishable at the time of its commission:

That which has some connection or relation to what is sought to be proved; tat which has a tendency to prove or disprove the matter in dispute.

When a single act constitutes two or more grave or less grave felonies, or when an offense is an necessary means for committing the other, the penalty for the most serious crime shall be imposed, the same to be applied in its maximum period.

An act or omission punishable by the Revised Penal Code:

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Passing grade - 60%
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